Olibr Blogs

Blog > All Engineering Topics > What is full-stack development? A complete guide

What is full-stack development? A complete guide

by Rajni
full stack development
Pointer image icon


Full-stack development has become one of the most sought-after skills in the tech industry. With the demand for web-based applications and software increasing, it is no surprise that companies are looking for professionals who can handle both front-end and back-end development. In this blog, we’ll explore what a full-stack developer does and what skills are required to become one.

What is Full-stack Development?

full stack development

Full-stack development refers to the development of a web application or software system that involves working on both the front-end and back-end components. This means that a full-stack developer is capable of working with both the client-side and server-side technologies that are required to create a functional application.

Pointer image icon

Who is a Full-Stack Developer?

A full-stack developer is a software developer who can work on both the front-end and back-end of an application. They are proficient in programming languages such as HTML, CSS, JavaScript, and frameworks such as React, Angular, and Vue.js for front-end development, as well as languages such as PHP, Python, and Ruby for back-end development. They can handle the entire web development process from server-side scripting to database management, UI/UX design, and client-side scripting.

best software companies

Don't miss out on your chance to work with the best

apply for top global job opportunities today!

Pointer image icon

What Does a Full-Stack Developer Do?

A full-stack developer can work on different areas of web development, and their roles may vary depending on the project. Here are some of the responsibilities of a full-stack developer:

1. Front-end development

A full-stack developer can play an essential role in front-end development, as they have the skills and knowledge to work on both the back-end and front-end components of a web application. In front-end development, a full-stack developer can work closely with the design team to create user interfaces that are both visually appealing and functional. They can use their knowledge of programming languages such as HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to build responsive designs and intuitive navigation. In addition, a full-stack developer can integrate the front-end components with the back-end components of a web application to ensure that data is properly passed between the two. This can involve working with server-side languages, databases, and APIs

2. Back-end development

Full-stack developers can also play a vital role in back-end development, which involves creating and maintaining the server-side components of a web application. In this context, full-stack developers can use server-side programming languages such as Java, Python, Ruby, or PHP, to build the logic that powers the web application and interacts with databases and other systems. Full-stack developers can create REST APIs that expose data from the back end to the front-end of the web application. They can work with databases and write SQL queries to store and retrieve data. They can also be responsible for managing server infrastructure, deploying the web application, and monitoring its performance.

3. Database management

Full-stack developers can play a significant role in database management, which involves designing, implementing, and maintaining databases that are used by web applications. Full-stack developers can create database schemas, write queries, and implement data models to ensure that the database is optimized for the specific requirements of the web application. They can also be responsible for ensuring the security of the database by implementing authentication and authorization mechanisms.

4. UI/UX design

While UI/UX design is typically considered a separate specialty, full-stack developers may play a role in the design process by implementing the design into code.

Here are a few ways that a full-stack developer might contribute to UI/UX design:

  • Collaborating with UI/UX designers: Full-stack developers may work closely with UI/UX designers to ensure that the design is feasible and that it can be implemented using the technologies available. They may also provide input on technical constraints that may affect the design.
  • Creating UI/UX prototypes: In some cases, a full-stack developer may be responsible for creating a working prototype of a UI/UX design. This could involve using front-end technologies to build a mock-up of the design that can be tested and refined.
  • Implementing the design: Once the UI/UX design is finalized, the full-stack developer may be responsible for implementing it using the appropriate front-end technologies. This could involve writing code to create a responsive layout, adding animations and interactions, and ensuring that the design works across different browsers and devices.
  • Optimizing performance: A full-stack developer may also be responsible for optimizing the performance of the UI/UX design, by reducing page load times, improving the responsiveness of user interactions, and minimizing the use of server resources.

5. Testing and deployment

Here are some specific roles that a full-stack developer may play in testing and deployment:

  • Writing automated tests: Full-stack developers are expected to have strong programming skills and knowledge of testing frameworks, which they can use to write automated tests for the application. This ensures that the application functions as expected, and any bugs are caught early in the development process.
  • Conducting manual testing: In addition to automated tests, full-stack developers may also conduct manual testing to ensure that the application meets the required standards. This involves testing different features and functionalities of the application to identify any issues or bugs.
  • Collaborating with the QA team: Full-stack developers often work closely with the QA team to ensure that the application is thoroughly tested. They may provide support in resolving any issues that arise during testing and help in improving the quality of the application.
  • Deployment: Full-stack developers are responsible for deploying the application on the server and ensuring that it runs smoothly in the production environment. This involves setting up the necessary infrastructure, configuring servers, and monitoring the application’s performance.
  • Continuous integration and delivery: Full-stack developers may also be responsible for implementing and maintaining continuous integration and delivery (CI/CD) pipelines. This involves automating the build, test, and deployment process to ensure that changes to the application are rolled out quickly and efficiently.
Pointer image icon

Skills Required to Become a Full-Stack Developer

To become a full-stack developer, you need to have a combination of technical and soft skills. Here are some of the skills required:

  • Proficiency in programming languages: Full-stack developers should be proficient in programming languages such as HTML, CSS, JavaScript, PHP, Python, Ruby, and others.
  • Knowledge of front-end and back-end development: Full-stack developers should have a deep understanding of front-end and back-end development, including frameworks, libraries, and databases.
  • Experience with web development tools and technologies: Full-stack developers should be familiar with web development tools and technologies such as Git, NPM, Gulp, Grunt, and others.
  • Knowledge of UI/UX design: Full-stack developers should have knowledge of UI/UX design principles and tools such as Sketch, Adobe XD, Figma, and others.
  • Problem-solving and critical-thinking skills: Full-stack developers should have excellent problem-solving and critical-thinking skills to troubleshoot issues and find efficient solutions.
  • Communication and teamwork skills: Full-stack developers should have excellent communication and teamwork skills to collaborate effectively with other developers, designers, and stakeholders.
Pointer image icon

Top full-stack development programming languages to learn in 2023

  • JavaScript
  • Python
  • Java
  • Ruby
  • PHP
  • TypeScript
  • Swift
  • Kotlin
  • C#
  • Go
Search Vetted Software Developer Jobs Online at Olibr.
Pointer image icon

Full-stack development frameworks to learn in 2023

  • React.js 
  • Angular
  • Vue.js 
  • Laravel
  • Ruby on Rails
  • Spring Boot
  • Django
  • Express.js
  • NET Core
  • Meteor
Pointer image icon

Stacks to learn in 2023

  • MERN (MongoDB, Express.js, React.js, Node.js)
  • MEAN (MongoDB, Express.js, Angular, Node.js)
  • LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP)
  • Django Stack (Python, Django, PostgreSQL)
  • Ruby on Rails Stack (Ruby, Ruby on Rails, PostgreSQL)
  • .NET Stack (C#, ASP.NET, SQL Server)
  • Flask Stack (Python, Flask, SQLAlchemy)
  • Spring Stack (Java, Spring Framework, Hibernate)
  • Vue.js Stack (JavaScript, Vue.js, Node.js, MongoDB)
  • Laravel Stack (PHP, Laravel, MySQL)
Pointer image icon

10 Best Full-stack Development Courses and Certification in 2023

Course NameCourse DurationCourse LevelFees
IBM Full-Stack Cloud Developer Professional Certificate8 monthsIntermediate$99 per month
The Complete 2021 Web Development Bootcamp54 hoursBeginner$149.99
Full-Stack Web Developer Nanodegree (Udacity)4 monthsIntermediate$1,356
The Complete Full-Stack JavaScript Course28 hoursIntermediate$149.99
Full-Stack Development Certification (edX)4 monthsBeginner$369
The Web Developer Bootcamp (Udemy)51 hoursBeginner$94.99
Full-Stack Developer Certification Training (Simplilearn)180 days accessIntermediate$1,299
Full-Stack Web Development Specialization (Coursera)6 monthsBeginner$49 per month
Full-Stack Engineer Path (Codecademy)Self-pacedBeginner$19.99 per month or $239.88 per year
Full-Stack Web Developer Program (BrainStation)12 weeks (part-time)Intermediate$13,000
This course covers the following topics:
  • Cloud Computing Basics
  • Developing Applications with Node.js and React
  • Building and Deploying Microservices with Docker and Kubernetes
  • Developing Cloud-Native Applications with Java and Spring Boot
  • Implementing AI and Data Science Solutions in the Cloud
  • Developing Cloud-Native Applications with Go and Python
  • Building Resilient Web Applications with Polyglot Persistence
  • Best Practices for Enterprise Application Development in the Cloud

The Complete 2021 Web Development Bootcamp covers the following topics:

  • Responsive Design with Bootstrap 5
  • HTML5 and CSS3
  • Responsive Design with Bootstrap 5
  • JavaScript, ES6, jQuery
  • Node.js, Express.js, and MongoDB
  • RESTful API Design
  • React.js and React Hooks
  • Building Full Stack MERN Applications
  • Authentication and Security

3. Full-Stack Web Developer Nanodegree (Udacity)

This course will cover the following topics:

  • Front-end Web Development: HTML, CSS, JavaScript, React, Redux
  • Backend Web Development: Node.js, Express.js, PostgreSQL, RESTful API Development
  • Full-stack Development: Authentication, Authorization, Security, Deployment, DevOps
  • Capstone Project: Real-world full-stack web application development

4. The Complete Full-Stack JavaScript Course

The Complete Full-Stack JavaScript Course covers the following topics:

  • Front-end Web Development: HTML5, CSS3, JavaScript, jQuery, Bootstrap, React.js, Redux
  • Backend Web Development: Node.js, Express.js, MongoDB, Mongoose, RESTful APIs
  • Full-stack Web Development: Authentication, Authorization, Security, Deployment, DevOps
  • Additional Tools and Technologies: Git, Github, NPM, Webpack, Babel, ESLint, Jest, Enzyme

5. Full-Stack Development Certification (edX)

You will learn the following topics in this certification course:

  • HTML, CSS, and JavaScript for Web Developers
  • Front-End Web UI Frameworks and Tools: Bootstrap 4
  • Front-End Web Development with React
  • Multiplatform Mobile App Development with React Native
  • Server-side Development with NodeJS, Express, and MongoDB

6. The Web Developer Bootcamp (Udemy)

This course covers the following topics:

  • Introduction to Web Development
  • HTML5
  • CSS3
  • Bootstrap 4
  • JavaScript
  • DOM Manipulation
  • jQuery
  • Unix(Command Line) Commands
  • Node.js
  • NPM
  • Express.js
  • RESTful Routes
  • MongoDB
  • Database Associations
  • Authentication
  • Authorization
  • Git and GitHub
  • Deploying Applications

7. Full-Stack Developer Certification Training (Simplilearn)

Learn the following topics in this course:

  • HTML, CSS, and JavaScript
  • Node.js
  • Angular
  • MongoDB
  • MySQL
  • RESTful API design with Express
  • TypeScript
  • React
  • Deployment with AWS.
  • DevOps with Docker
  • Microservices with Kubernetes
  • Jenkins for Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment (CI/CD)

8. Full-Stack Web Development Specialization (Coursera)

You get to study the following topics in this course:

  • HTML, CSS, and JavaScript
  • Front-End Web UI Frameworks and Tools: Bootstrap 4
  • Front-End JavaScript Frameworks: Angular
  • Multiplatform Mobile App Development with Web Technologies
  • Server-side Development with NodeJS, Express, and MongoDB
  • Full-Stack Web Development Capstone Project

9. Full-Stack Engineer Path (Codecademy)

Topics you can learn in this course:

  • HTML
  • CSS
  • JavaScript
  • React
  • Node.js
  • SQL
  • TypeScript
  • Angular
  • PHP
  • Redux
  • Ruby on Rails
  • Go
  • Docker
  • Kubernetes
  • AWS

10. Full-Stack Web Developer Program (BrainStation)

This course covers the following topics:

  • HTML, CSS, and JavaScript
  • Responsive Design with Bootstrap
  • Front-End Web Development with React
  • Databases and SQL
  • Server-Side Web Development with Node.js
  • API Design and Development
  • Authentication and Authorization
  • Mobile-First Design with React Native
  • Scaling Applications with React and Redux
  • Continuous Integration and Deployment
  • AWS and Cloud Infrastructure
Pointer image icon

How to become a Full-stack Developer?

  • Learn the basics of web development: Start by learning the fundamentals of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, which are the building blocks of web development. You can find numerous online resources and courses to help you get started.
  • Choose a backend language: You need to choose a backend language such as Python, Ruby, PHP, or JavaScript, which you’ll use to build the server-side of web applications.
  • Choose database technology: Learn how to use database technology like MySQL, MongoDB, or PostgreSQL to store data.
  • Learn a server-side framework: Frameworks like Ruby on Rails, Django, or Express.js can help you streamline the process of building backend applications and RESTful APIs.
  • Learn a frontend framework: You can choose a frontend framework such as React, Angular, or Vue.js to help you build interactive and dynamic web applications.
  • Practice building full-stack applications: Combine all the technologies you’ve learned so far to build full-stack applications. You can start with small projects and gradually work your way up to larger, more complex applications.
  • Continuously learn and stay up to date: Technology is constantly evolving, so it’s important to stay up to date with the latest tools and trends in web development. Attend meetups, read blogs and articles, and take courses to expand your knowledge.
  • Build a portfolio: Create a portfolio of your projects and share it with potential employers or clients to showcase your skills and experience.
Average Salary offered to Full-stack Developers in some of the countries
  • Australia: A$95,000/yr
  • Canada: CA$76,082/yr
  • Germany: €58,000/yr
  • India: ₹6,46,500/yr
  • UK: £49,148/yr
  • USA: $77,738/yr

Source: Glassdoor

Top Companies hiring Full-stack developers in 2023
  • Amazon: $100,000 – $200,000 per year
  • Google: $110,000 – $220,000 per year
  • IBM: $1,01,988 – $148,000 per year
  • Microsoft: $90,000 – $180,000 per year
  • Meta: $120,000 – $250,000 per year
  • Apple: $120,000 – $220,000 per year
  • Netflix: $120,000 – $250,000 per year
  • Uber: 100,000 – $200,000 per year
  • Airbnb: $110,000 – $220,000 per year
  • LinkedIn: $100,000 – $200,000 per year
  • Twitter: $100,000 – $220,000 per year

Source: Glassdoor

Pointer image icon

Why is there a high demand for Full-stack Developers in 2023?

Increased adoption of technology: With the increased adoption of technology across industries, companies are looking for developers who can work on multiple layers of the technology stack. Full-stack developers are capable of working on both the frontend and backend of a web application, which makes them more valuable to companies.

Cost-effectiveness: Hiring full-stack developers can be more cost-effective for companies than hiring separate developers for frontend and backend development. This is because full-stack developers can handle both aspects of development, reducing the need for additional hires.

Agile Development: With the rise of Agile development methodologies, companies are looking for developers who can work across different areas of a project and be flexible in their approach. Full-stack developers are capable of adapting to different tasks and requirements, making them more valuable in an Agile environment.

Increased demand for web applications: As more businesses shift to an online presence, the demand for web applications is on the rise. Full-stack developers are capable of building and maintaining complex web applications, making them an essential part of any web development team.

Take control of your career and land your dream job

sign up with us now and start applying for the best opportunities!

Pointer image icon

Final Thoughts

As technology continues to evolve, the need for developers who can handle both front-end and back-end development has increased significantly. According to David Heinemeier Hansson, creator of Ruby on Rails, “Full-stack development is one of the most valuable skills in the industry today. Developers who can handle both the front-end and back-end of a web application are highly sought after and have a significant advantage in the job market.”

You may also like

Leave a Comment