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The Top 10 Best Java Web Frameworks in 2024

by Pranisha Rai
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Over 4.7% of websites use Java for server-side programming. Its community has seen a significant rise from 8.3 million to 16.5 million. This figure shows Java’s strong relevance in the web development realm. And like every other programming language, Java also offers numerous frameworks. These frameworks help Java developers create applications easily and quickly. However, not every framework serves the same purpose; each one has distinct features and functionality. Today in this article, we will explore the top 10 best Java web frameworks in 2024. 

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Top 10 Best Java Web Frameworks in 2024

1. Spring

spring java web Framework

Spring is the favorite front-end framework for Java developers. It can significantly improve the speed of websites, and offers ease of working. Spring MCV architecture and Spring Cloud make an ultimate fusion that can easily create modern-day high-performance, complex web applications. 

✅ Pros❎ Cons
Supports JBBC, annotation-based configurations, and XMLQuite difficult to master
Uses Plain Old Java Objects (POJO) modelRequires  familiarization with XML
Dependencies Injection provides a seamless development of Java EEParallel mechanism creates confusion and might cause delay
Dependencies Injection and Beans make web development simpleNeeds expertise to work with Spring framework
Supports various kinds of configuration methods 
Ease of code testing 
Provides a declarative support like cache, validation, transaction, and formatting 

2. Hibernate

Hibernate new

If you’re looking for a Java web framework with better database communication, Hibernate is undoubtedly the best. Since Java is an object-oriented language, connecting with a relational database has problems like “paradigm mismatch.” Thus, the Hibernate framework helps to overcome this common problem. It is the perfect solution for mapping the object-oriented language to the relational database. In addition, it offers tools like a mapping editor, a Hibernate console, and a database reverse engineering tool. 

✅ Pros ❎ Cons
Minimal coding for complex data manipulation Debugging becomes difficult sometimes
New versions support NoSQL Steeper learning curve
It can run without an application server Not a good choice for small projects and batch processing
Portable and improves productivity Performance issue while working with complex queries
Equipped with excellent command line tools and IDE plugins
Promotes code reusability

3. Blade

Blade is a simple Java framework with a minimal footprint on our list that allows Java developers to create web applications quickly. Among all the frameworks, Blade is by far the most simple, elegant, and intuitive. Using the Blade framework, developers can easily get access to a RESTful-style routing interface and even deploy the applications as a basic Maven or Gradle project. It comes with built-in security features such as cross-site request forgery (CSRF) and cross-site scripting (XSS). On top of that, it supports plugin extensions and webjar resources. 

✅ Pros ❎ Cons
Seamless deployment process Only few developments were seen during these recent years
Huge support for template Fewer tutorials and sample projects
Less learning curves
No need for external dependencies
Comes with embedded web server

4. Google Web Toolkit (GWT)

If you don’t have any experience working with real-life projects in Java but want to develop applications using JavaScirpt and Java, GWT is the ideal option for you. As the name suggests, it was developed by Google to create a complex Java-based application. It provides features like cross-browser compatibility, internationalization, and UI abstraction. 

✅ Pros❎ Cons
Automatic JavaScipt code writing code becomes easierGenerates non-semantic code
Extensive widget library supports AJAX appsLacks features for the modern web browser
Promotes code reusabilityDifficult for absolute beginners
Google expert team supportHigh compile time
Cross-browser compatiblity 

5. Dropwizard

Dropwizard is another simple web framework on our list that is mainly used for production-ready RESTful web services. This framework is amazing because developers don’t need to write lengthy code for configurations and metrics. This way, developers can be extra productive. The libraries that it offers are Hibernate Validator, Joda Time, embedded Jetty Server, Google Guava, and Logback. 

✅ Pros ❎ Cons
Lightweight and good conventions Monitoring is complex
Mature Java libraries Distribution environments need to be tested everytime
Extensive documentation
Supports rapid prototyping of applications and microservices
Comes with inbuilt Quick Project BootStrap

6. JHipster

Among all the Java web frameworks on our list, JHipster is the new framework. It is an intermixture of Angular, Springboot, Vue, and React. And unlike other web frameworks, JHipster runs under two types of architecture, i.e., microservices and monolithic. This gives developers the option to choose the architecture depending on their project. Moreover, it is associated with leading brands like Google, Adobe, HBO, Siemens, and Bosh. 

✅ Pros ❎ Cons
Supports front-end frameworks and technologies Lacks tutorials and examples
High speed Automatic code generation can create confusion for beginners
Multiple deployment options
Excellent test coverage
Extensive documentation with sample projects and active community

7. Play

play java web framework

If you’re in search of a highly scalable framework that consumes fewer resources, then Play Framework is for you. Since it is built on Akka, the framework has better scalability and high performance. As a result, Java developers can create both web and mobile apps quickly and easily. Features that it offers are convention over configuration, display error messages in the browser, built-in testing capabilities, and hot code reloading. Also, big brands and esteemed organizations like Samsung, Deloitte, Verizon, Coursera, Walmart, Accenture, LinkedIn, Zalando, and The Guardian. 

✅ Pros❎ Cons
Highly flexible and fault-toleranceSteeper learning curve
Promotes hot swapping of class filesBecomes unstable sometimes
Robust support for non-blocking input/output operationsLacks backward incompatibility
Supports FluentLenium 

8. Grails

Grails java web framework

Yet another popular web application framework written in the Groovy programming language. It works well with Java-based technologies such as the Java Development Kit, Jakarta EE containers, Hibernate, and Spring. Some of the features it provides are convention over configuration, opinionated APIs to enforce best practices, and sensible defaults. Additionally, it also allows developers to build their own plugins and make use of Grails’ IDE support for Eclipse, Sublime, Textmate, IntelliJ IDEA, and other platforms. 

✅ Pros ❎ Cons
Async capabilities Need to have prior knowledge of Groovy
Straightforward object mapping features Programs weight might get increase too much
Convention over configuration Complex integration process
Seamless integration with Java tools and libraries
Performance issue
Detailed documentation and a plethora of learning materials

9. Vaadin

vaadin java web framework

It is the Java framework for both mobile and web with accessibility. It provides all the necessary tools and components to create a secure, robust enterprise application with better UX. The automatic server-client communication with WebSocket support provides a seamless web development process. It also supports data binding features using Model-View-Controller (MVC) and Model-View-Presenter (MVP) patterns. 

✅ Pros ❎ Cons
Offers mobile-friendly components Consumes lots of memory on server-side UI
Free prebuilt themes Need to pay for pro components and tools
Mobile-friendly components
Works well with Spring framework Need to pay for pro components, tools, and support
Strictly follows web standards
Supports other languages like Scala and Kotlin
Provides better security

10. Tapestry

If you’re looking for a component-oriented framework to build highly scalable apps, then Tapestry is the right framework for you. It offers features such as built-in utilities to facilitate test-driven development (TDD) and comes with support for the Selenium testing framework. The best thing about this framework is that it can scale on single servers as well as server clusters. However, its default features, like client-side caching, support for concurrent threads, JavaScript aggregation and compression, and integrated Gzip compression, contribute to its speed. As a result, it runs way faster in web browsers. Besides, it integrates well with other Java frameworks, such as Hibernate and Spring. Additional features that you enjoy with this framework are class reloading, exception reporting, Ajax support, and built-in components and templates.

✅ Pros ❎ Cons
Simple testing Cannot add new components to the existing page
Ajax support Does not allow multiple applications to run
Pure Java objects components Limitation on service reloading
Excellent exception capabilities
Hot loading
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In conclusion

Before choosing a web framework, carefully learn its capabilities and measure its pros and cons. Then, consider your project objectives, goals, and budget. So this way, you can finally decide and choose one framework for yourself. But when you start working on projects, make sure to read the documents beforehand and always monitor to catch errors in real-time. 

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Frameworks simplify the web development task by providing the structures, tools, libraries, and components. This helps to carry out common tasks like session management, database integration, template creation, HTTP request handling, and routing. Overall, it boosts the productivity of a programmer.

In comparison to other Java frameworks, Spring is the most widely used by Java developers.

Yes, you can. By keeping one framework as a primary and another to carry out the task, it cannot do it.

First, you need to master all the basic concepts of core Java and advanced Java by enrolling in a Java course. Once you gain confidence, familiarize yourself with the Java framework and practice coding regularly. Also, side by side, learn the concepts of data structures and algorithms. Finally, you can prepare and sit for the Oracle Certified Java Programmer (OCPJP) certification.

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